Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Vein Disease

It is estimated that half of the adult population will be affected by venous disease at some point in their lifetime. Vein conditions are more common in women than men. And older patients are more likely to be affected. At age 60, 70% of women and 40% of men are affected by some form of venous disorder.

With normal vein function, there are valves that open and close, helping to circulate blood through the body. Patients who suffer from vein disorders have veins that are dilated and valves that do not function properly. As a result, blood flows in the wrong direction and causes bulges which appear as varicose veins and spider veins.

Today’s treatments for varicose veins, spider veins and other vein disorders are convenient, minimally invasive and practically pain free. In fact, most patients who undergo treatment for varicose veins resume their normal activities that same day.

Causes of Vein Disease

The most significant contributing factor to varicose veins and vein disease is heredity. Other factors include:

  • Excessive weight
  • Pregnancy
  • Occupations that require prolonged sitting or standing
  • Activities that increase venous pressure like jogging, running, body building, etc.

Signs & Symptoms of Vein Disease

One of the most obvious and common signs of venous disorder is varicose veins or spider veins. Varicose veins are large, bulging vessels that are typically found on the legs. Other symptoms may include:

  • Leg pain
  • Fatigue
  • Heaviness
  • Swelling
  • Cramping
  • Tingling, itching or burning sensation
  • Changes in skin color (darkening)
  • Restlessness


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